A smallest individual unit in C program is known as C Token. Tokens are either keywords, identifier, constants, Variables, string literal or any symbol which has some meaning in C language. A C program can also be called as a collection of various tokens.
i.e:- printf(“Hello, World! \n”); consists of five tokens
1- printf, 2- (, 3- “Hello, World! \n”, 4-), 5- ;
Semicolon:- Semicolon ; is used to mark the end of a statement and beginning of another statement. Absence of semicolon at the end of any statement may lead to syntax error.
Comments:- Comments are ignored by the compiler.We write comments for better understanding of the program.
There are two ways in which we can write comments in C program
- Using //:- This is used to write a single line comment.
- Using /* */:- The statements enclosed within /* and */ , are used to write multi-line comments.
** We cannot have comments within comments.
Some basic syntax rule for C program
- All C statements must end with a semicolon.
- Whitespace is required between keywords and identifiers.
- C is a case sensitive language and all C instructions must be written in lower case
- Whitespace is used in C to describe blanks and tabs.